Saturday, 10 May 2014

Lineage of Koshti/ Koshta Family

The Koshtis/Koshta (Hindu-Koshti) belong to the birth lines of Kshatriyas / Adivasis / Merchants that, in many instances were predominantly believed to reside in the villages of Khapa(in Nagpur), Nagzira, Nagotne, Yewla, Gondia etc. Besides Maharashtra, a great number of koshtis hailed from Madhya Pradhesh,Ahmedabad and southern parts of India. Currently they inhabit in Maharashtra, Ahmedabad, ChhattisgarhMadhya Pradesh and Karnataka with a smaller population in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu in India.
        Prior to almost five centuries, koshtis were Tribal Adivasis who were experts in hunting and strategic fighting . These barbarians resided in jungles, mountains and specialized in archery, physical combat and similar fighting skills. Later the The Great King 'Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj' amalgamated Koshtis and other similar tribes in his army while forming the 'Hindavi Swaraj' i.e. Maharashtra
           History remarks that these were descendants of Markandi Rishi while some believe it to be Lord Kush's (Son of Lord Ram). This tribe's lineage also states back to Vashistha rishi ,one of the Saptarishis (seven great Rishis).
          Sub-sequentially, in later century Koshti/ koshta samaj was broadened as 'Jain Koshti' tribe was introduced. This 'Jain Koshti' were Vegetarians that prescribed a path of non-violence towards all living beings and emphasized spiritual independence and equality between all forms of life. Koshtis verbalize in Koshti language which is a dialect of Marathi language.
          In time, at the beginning of 19th century the clan started establishing trade and commerce. The prime production of theirs was Saree weaving and trade. Later factories were set up of hand loom and textile equipment. Many koshtis for the purpose of business, travelled abroad. (This might be a coincidence or might as well be a fact) but a large number of Parate, Koshti surnamed people can be found overseas in countries like USA, England and even Japan.   
          Halba Koshti, a key part of Koshti samaj and a tribe that used to reside in Bestar, Chattisgarh before British era, consisted of farmers-merchants and possibly were named after 'Hal' i.e. a 'plough'. Some say that Halba name originated from the Kannad word 'Halbaru' where, 'Hal' means a plough and 'baru' means ancient i.e. prachin.   
        The members who installed factories of Parat ' A vessel used for making dough' were recognized as parate  (i.e. Parat makers). Most of them stuck with their  Caste surnames or areas they populated in like Nagpure, Nagpurkar, Limje, Nandanwar,Aikade, Badade, Bahirat, Bavad, Bhakre, Bhagvat, Bhalesing, Bhandare, Bibve, Bide, Bomdarde, Botre, Chakre, Chipade, Chorde, Dahure, Dandavate, Dhage, Dhavalshankh,Dhumne, Dhimate, Dhole, Dide, Dinge, Divate, Doiphode, Dugam, Galande, Ghodake, Ghate, Godase, Gulavane, Gursale, Hamade, Harke, Hule, Javare, Jhade, Kalse, Kaltavane, Kambale, Khadge, Khane, Kharve,khoje, Kudal, Kurkute, Kusurkar, Lad, Lakare,Lipare, Lokhande,Mahure, Makvate, Malge, Malvande, Mantarkar, Manyal, Mendhekar, Mukhavate, Nemane, Padole, Pandkar, Pandare, Parkhe, Rahatade, Phalke,Phaltane Rangare, Rasinkar, Shevale, Silvant, Sonde, Sopate, Tambe, Tarake, Taralkar, Tavare, Taravade, Tatparuk,Thombre Tipare, Ukarade, Upare, Varade, Vahal and Vedorde. 
        
(NOTE - SURNAMES MENTIONED HERE MIGHT ALSO BE FOUND IN OTHER CASTES AND SAMAJ OF MARATHAS, BRAMHINS ETC. AND SHOULD NOT BE MISTAKEN AS KOSHTIS )

  Further is the division according Sub- castes
  • Ahir - Former herdsmen.
  • Aukule (Vidurs) - they are of mixed descent from Koshtis and other castes.
  • Bhoyar
  • Burad - Former bamboo workers.
  • Deshkar - Meaning 'One belonging to the country' to state that they haven't migrated from another region but have been indigenous for sometime.
  • Devang (Koshti)
  • Devang (Lingayat)
  • Gadewal Koshti (Garhewal)-Former residents of Garha, an old town near Jabalpur and presently also living in the area of Nagpur (M.S),Chhindwara(M.P.), sounser (M.P.). Some of the typical surnames are Gokha, Ghoke, Ghokhale, Barve, Kolhatkar, Shendre, Soounsarkar, Raut, Bangde)
  • Gujar
  • Hatghar
  • Jain Koshti - Former Jains 
  • Koskati (Kachibandhe)
  • Lad - From the Lad territory of Gujarat.(Titles- Dhongade, Parande,varade)
  • Likhar - Former Rajputs.
  • Malwi
  • Maratha (Mattha) - Former Marathas.
  • Mathe - Former Rajputs.
  • Onkule
  • Padmasale
  • Pawar - Former Rajput clan.
  • Patwis - Deriving from patwa - a dyer who colours the silk thread which weavers use to border their cotton cloth.
  • Saade
  • Sagunsale - A group of illegitimate descent.
  • Salewar - Weavers. People of this subcaste have been weavers for the longest.
  • Sutsale
  • Swakul Sali
  • Rawat


THE ABOVE ARTICLE IS BASED ON FABLES AND STORIES HEARD FROM VARIOUS SOURCES. THE INFO RELATED TO BRITISH EMPIRE HAS BEEN DELETED AS SOLID PROOF IS NOT AVAILABLE TO SUBSTANTIATE IT. THIS BLOG IS STILL DEVELOPING.

47 comments:

  1. can you please add references to the article

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. THE CONTENT IS FROM WIKIPEDIA !

      Delete
  2. Replies
    1. DO YOU MEAN WARRIORS? BEING ADIVASIS, KOSHTIS KNEW HOW TO SURVIVE!

      Delete
  3. You didn't wrote any information about halba koshtis... please add some in deep info like histories abt halba koshtis

    ReplyDelete
  4. You didn't wrote any information about halba koshtis... please add some in deep info like histories abt halba koshtis

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. HALBA KOSHTI AS YOU SEE IS A SUB-CASTE AND IS CATEGORIZED UNDER SC/ST SECTION!

      Delete
    2. This comment has been removed by the author.

      Delete
    3. IF YOU SEARCH FOR THE LIST OF OBC/SBC/SC/ST CASTES IN MAHARASHTRA, HALBA KOSHTIS ARE LISTED AS SBC(SPECIAL BACKWARD CLASS) SINCE THE BEGINING. 'HALBA' WHERE AS IS TOTALLY DIFFERENT COMMUNITY AND COURT HAS PROVED THAT THERE IS NO CONNECTION BETWEEN HALBA AND HALBA KOSHTI, WHICH ARE TWO DIFFERENT COMMUNITIES AND HALBA ONLY IS LISTED UNDER SC/ST. DO YOU HOMEWORK PLEASE BEFORE WRITING COMMENTS AND/OR BLOGS.

      Delete
    4. Totally misleading article... Weaver halba's belongs to Scheduled tribe only... Other koshtis belongs to SBC ... Halba koshti caste was no where till 1995... Because of adoption of weaving occupation by Halba tribe it is popularly known as Halba koshti... Where koshti is suffix... Culture of weaver halbas is different from all other koshtis ... Weaver halbas still speak there old halbi language in many areas of vidarbh... Weaver halbas affinity doesn't match with other koshti castes... No doubt weaver halba are the primitive tribe migrated from Bastar to Vidarbh after being defeated in rebellion after 1774 and taken to weaving for livelihood...

      Delete
  5. Great info. How was the division of castes and subcastes in Koshtis done. What are Devang and Halba Koshtis. The Koshtis as you aptly said are believed to be originated from the north east, have their main goddess in Assam somewhere. Can u name that Godess and the place.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. AS I SAID EARLIER DEVANG,NAGPURE AND HALBA ARE SUB-CASTES. DEVANG AND NAGPURE ARE CONSIDERED AS SBC IN MAHARASHTRA AND OBC ON NATIONAL LEVEL WHEREAS HALBA IS CONSIDERED TO BE SC/ST.

      Delete
  6. why we are in obc.... . koi proof hai in sab ka... kahi kisi book me likha hai

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. THE CLASSIC DEFINITION OF A BACKWARD CLASS IS A CLASS WHICH IS UNDER-DEVELOPED OR NOT DEVELOPED. THEREFORE THE GOVERNMENT PROVIDES ASSISTANCE TO THESE CLASSES IN TERMS OF EBC, RESERVATIONS AND CONCESSIONS.
      IF YOU TRACE KOSHTIS BACK TO 70-80 YEARS AND COMPARE THEM WITH OTHER BACKWARD CLASSES YOU WILL FIND SIMILARITIES NAMELY - ECONOMICALLY WEAKER CLASS, NOMADIC TRIBES/ADIVASIS OR LESS CIVILIZED, LOW LITERACY RATE, LABOUR CLASS. AS THESE TRAITS MATCH PERFECTLY AS A PUZZLE PIECE TO THE DEFINITION, THERE GOES YOUR QUERY ANSWERED!

      Delete
  7. Replies
    1. 21ST CENTURY BROTHER! YES THEY CAN!

      Delete
  8. What is hatger kosti. Is they are lingayat. So from where is thier origin.

    ReplyDelete
  9. Yes Hatger koshtis are Lingayats. Origin of sub castes is rarely known as they are similar to dialects of languages and known to only inhabitants.

    ReplyDelete
  10. Hii
    What about Sagar (M.P) koshti? Since, My grandfathers were born in sagar(M.P). They used to do work in clothes mill and bidi making.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Sagar(in M.P.),previously known as SAU-GARH, which means 100 forts was ruled by Ahir Family. As mentioned in the article, Ahir surname belongs to koshti clan and by that we can assume the possibility of people residing in Sagar being koshtis, to an extent

      Delete
  11. Sir, my swami comes and tell our origin is in badami( karnataka) then how it is posible that our origin is in MP.
    I am belonging to hutger kosti.please reply.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Every Koshti has his/her respective origin in his respective village or town. (It is not necessary that all koshtis belong to M.P. or Maharashtra, the first paragraph merely reports that a majority were found there. But still your information on Koshtis having origin in Badami, Karnataka is valuable and additive towards the study of lineage. Thank you for your info.)

      Delete
  12. This information seems true. I read many articles on devang koshti and all over i found that KOSHTIs are original Kshtriyas. We all koshtis need to come together and found the root finaly.

    ReplyDelete
  13. Mhetre, Tatpuje, Wagh these names belongs to devang koshti origin since 18th century from Bhadale near Koregaon
    Shall be added in the list as stated above

    ReplyDelete
  14. is der any devanga koshti leaders in mahrastra?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. If your question is in regards to the political leaders, then yes, there are local leaders working as MLA, MLC and Municipality representatives from Koshti community inside and outside Maharashtra(not sure though about Devang sub-caste).

      But still, great leaders representing the Koshtis at higher level as in Parliament,Rajysabha etc. are yet to emerge from the community.

      Delete
  15. Nowadays halba koshti comes under general category...as we koshti have developed a lot

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I think you have mistaken here. Halba Koshtis are still considered as SC/ST. But, Nagpure koshitis and Devang koshtis who were previously considered under SBC and had a separate quota are now considered as OBC's at national level. At an Academic level, this can be experienced when a student(Nagpure/Devang koshti) from Maharashtra applies a to MH-CET (Maharashta State level entrance test), he is considered as SBC, but, when applied to JEE or AIEEE(India Level entrance tests), the castes are considered as OBC or OBC-1,2 or 3, whichever applies.

      Delete
  16. Koshti without sub-caste is it possible. Some do not mention sub-caste. If Halba-Koshti is sub-caste, why it is not mentioned in abovesaid list of subcastes?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Your query is right. Koshti without a sub-caste is hardly found anywhere. It is true that many do not mention their sub-castes as many are not aware of the depths of their Gotra, Pinda etc. and are only aware of general terms. In the caste-system of government, all Koshtis are SBC(State level) and OBC(National level), therefore the sub-caste really doesn't make any difference in this modern world.

      As far as your second query is concerned of Halba-Koshti, if traced back in history, Halba or Halbi was an independent tribe in parts of Chhattisgarh whose mother tongue was Halbi.

      The history is unclear these days and therefore is hard to know if Halba was a sub-caste of Koshti or an independent sibling caste of Koshti. Either way Koshtis are SBC/OBC and Halbas are SC/ST.

      Delete
  17. Does Koshti lingayat come under SBC in MH?
    My grandfather's LC caste mention is lingayat Koshti and my LC mention is Koshti only. Does it make any difference?
    Where to get the updated govt circular on caste list?

    ReplyDelete
  18. Hedaoo /Hedau falls under Koshti ?

    ReplyDelete
  19. This is totally misleding article based on mare hypothesis.
    kostis are not tribal weaver caste and not at all related with Halba tribe. the culture, languageof Halba/Halbi are different with kosthis. In Vidgrbha there are may kostis for the shake of Tribal benefits impersoneted themselves as Halba and grabbed the govt servises in large number. the case which was filed in 1986 State of Maharstra Vs Milind Katware decided in 2000 and the kosti ?Halba issue was resolved. Supreme Court clearly says that Kosthi does not have any affinity with Halba Tribe and due to that on scheduled tribe candidate is deprived from his constitutional right. All Nimje, Parate, Barapatre, Paunikar, Dhakate, Ramtekkar, Moudekar, Khapekar are now considered as bogus tribe,. One identical example of this Kosti Halba issue is Chandrabhan Parate,hedaoo who is now approche Supreme Court for caste status of Kosti, as his Halba claim was invalidated and he has given up his kosti claim before the Bombay high Court,Nagpur bench. He himself obtains caste certificate of kosti after invalidation of his caste claim from Nagpur and he applied for validity before social welfare department for his SBC claim. he availed the kosti SBC validity certificate from the concerned caste validity committee. and he deliberately hide this fact before the high court. we by intervention before court revealed the dual policy of grabbing the reservation benefits by chandrabahan Parat. As he given up his claim himself court says you are not entitle to get benefits for kosti too.... Now he is caste less...! and after this mess his wife Nanda Parate runs Adim sandhatana...claimming as Halba tribe... its height of fraud... NOw FCI Vs Bahira Supreme court judgement came in July 6th,2017 It is clearly stated that no reservation benefit given to kostis who claimed as Halba and got appointment through ST category in Maharashtra.. Now the have to face the music.. Organization for Rights Of tribal (OFROT) by filing writ in the high court against 21 Oct 2015 GR of service protection to these who are appointed through ST category on the basis of Halba caste but their caste claim invalidated as their original caste found to be Kosti. Govt by this above mentioned GR regularized the services up to 28/10/2001. OFROT has challened it before HC and this GR has been quashed and set aside...
    The kosti leadership is misleading the mass, media amd their new kosti generation...this kosti generation feels they are really deprived...but realty is different and the kosti leaders are who are obtaining caste certificate of Kosti for their child and apply for validity the do not dare to speak reality....

    rajendra maraskolhe
    president OFROT nagpur

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. This comment has been removed by the author.

      Delete
    2. High court did not said at all like this in Milind katware vs state of maharashtra..The court in its earlier decision said that halba koshti is the subtribe within halba and later on response to petition it said the scheduled tribe act shall be read as it is and hence halba koshti does not form part of the act. The high court advised the goverment to make necessary ammendments on the basis of ammended St act 1976 all halba koshti are tribals but the government has not till now made such ammendment...As you said high court had given decision against halba koshti...it's totally wrong because of your wrong interpretation and may be because of your lack of knowledge....As the author said he is coreect because during 15-16 century there were transfer of various halba tribe people in Vidarbha region for employment purposes at that time raja Bhosle wanted to employ weavers in his bussinesses and thereafter halba adopted weaving occupation and got mixed up with koshti line up and thereafter 4-5 centuries passed their tradion has now changed and got similarity with koshti...caste scrunity committee is till now checking the tribal status of halba koshti in 1900s instead of chekinch it during 15 and 16 century and the committee is falsipating the tribal status of halba koshti beacuse the other tribes does not want to share St quota with halba koshti... recently on less than half of tribal communities as mentioned in St act are enjoying benefits of tribal and others are suffering because of dominance of other tribal communities

      Delete
  20. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  21. So are koshta kshatriya or what?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. This comment has been removed by the author.

      Delete
  22. What is the status of Koshta who resides in middle part of chhattisagadh , uses surname of dewangan and their traditional work is weaving silk sarees...

    ReplyDelete
  23. Real Halba/Halbi means in Chhattishgad (then M.P.) the community is recognized by Halba and in Maharashtra recognised by Halbi. After migration from Chhattishgad (then M.P.) real Halbi are served under the Kingdom of Gond Raja in Chandrapur. it is mentioned in the book "Chandrapurcha Itihas" written by Rajurkar where a person from Raut family was in Army of Gond Raja. In Anthropological Survey of India by Kumar Suresh Singh published in 2004 where Surnames of Halbi Caste are also given which does not match with the Surnames of Halba Koshti people who are fighting for reservation in Maharashtra. In so many cases its observed that Halba Koshti people are extracting both Caste Certificates, this proves that they are Halba Koshti even the pre Independence record is available for Halba/Halbi.

    ReplyDelete